There are numerous programming languages some are called lower level languages and some high-level languages. But that doesn’t mean that one language is better than other languages. Every language has its own use and benefits and a lot of features. When we talk about a developer, we have different domains like an Android developer, it can be an IOS developer, it can be an embedded developer like IOT, you can get into machine learning, you can be an enterprise developer.
So based on what market you are working on you can choose a particular language there. For example, if you want to be into mobile app development, we have two options to choose from. You can either go for android or for IOS. For Android, the official language which we use is Java or you can say the Java is the dominant language for android applications but we also have Kotlin that we can use for the same purpose. The only problem with Java is, it is very verbose. You has to mention everything.
Popular Programming Languages
Let’s have a look at some of the popular programming languages of 2019. We will start with the most popular one first.
Python is an open source object-oriented interpreted language which provides support for developing graphical user interfaces. These GUIs are used to create 2D imaging software like Inscape, Paint-shop Pro, etc. Web frameworks including Django, Flask and web applications like Google app engine are based on Python.
Python is a user-friendly, general purpose language that can be easily integrated with C, C++, and also provide cross-browser support. Popular Python frameworks include Django, Pyramid, TurboGears, and Web2Py. With high demand companies like Google, Facebook, Instagram, Spotify, etc. it is no wonder that Python was voted the most wanted technology of the year.
Tech-giant Java is currently the most popular language when it comes to the number of jobs, developer’s communities, wide-spread acceptance in the IT industry. It is an open source and relatively easy to learn. Java prides itself in its powerful features which include strong memory management, high performance, backward compatibility, and top-nod security just name a few. Java finds itself being used in a multitude of domains including mobile application, web development, and system programming. But its highlight is its ability to make small modules or applets for applications.
Java is also a base of the number of popular frameworks like spring, hibernate, and struts. Java developers find their demand in both the public and private sectors. Above that Java has very good community support with above 9,00,000 repositories on GitHub itself.
This is an object-oriented block-structured programming language. It provides features like better readability, speed, and dynamic libraries. These features ensure lesser errors, reduced application size, and improved performance. Swift is specifically developed for application development. Apple switched to Swift from objective C++ hence, it is influencing the Mac OS, Watch OS and apple app development which are its major highlights. Swift has two major frameworks namely Cocoa, and Cocoa Touch which are centered around application development. With application development at its core companies like Apple, Walmart, Amazon, and google summing to its popularity and demand.
Developed by tech-giant Google itself, GoLang with features like concurrency which is hard to find in other languages. Google’s versatility as a company is reflected in the language they developed too and can be used in a bunch of different scenarios, be it, machine learning or web development. But its highlight is definitely system development due to Golang scope of high scalability. Golang got popular in recent times. It has some really useful frameworks such as Revel and Beego. Golang developers are in high demand and low supply which make 2019 a good time to learn Golang and added to your resume so that you can apply to companies like CISCO, Tech system, etc.
C# (pronounced C sharp) is a programming language with a rich set of libraries. Which makes the compilation and execution of C sharp lightning fast. C sharp is mostly used with Microsoft’s .NET framework to design web forms, windows application, etc. It is popularly known for game development, especially Xbox using Microsoft’s XNA framework. Also, it is used alongside languages such as ESP and web development. C sharp is an important part of virtual reality games and is popularly known for developing Windows 8 and Windows 10 applications. It is also used along with the Unity 3D game engine for game development. C sharp uses frameworks like Xamarin, and .NET for building mobile applications and game development.
C++ is a simple yet powerful programming language that provides a structural approach. It is one of the most popular languages from which developers usually start their programming journey. It is an object-oriented language that is rich with a set of library functions and data types. Using C++ you can develop the most reliable software. Major domains in which C++ is used mostly are game development, scripting, mobile applications, and web solutions. C++ provides a generic framework and libraries like WX-Widgets, GTK++, Boost, Qt, etc. major highlights of C++ applications are like Adobe Photoshop, Google Chromium, MapReduce, Mozilla Firefox, MySQL database, and operating systems from Apple and Microsoft are also developed using C++.
R is a programming language that has been universally accepted as a language for a data scientist. R is the most popular programming language for statistical analysis and data science. This language is not only open source but also comes with cross-platform compatibility and a huge community. With such features, R is used in the financial domain to build econometric models and analyze fraudulent transactions. It is also used in the telecom sector for churn management, subscriber profiling, and personalized advertisement.
The highlights of the language include its ability to create interactive web applications and providing a comprehensive library with 10,000 plus packages to cater to diverse needs. The most popular IDE use for R is R-Studio and with R language as a skill set, you can become a data analyst, data scientist, quantitate analyst, and financial analyst. The companies hiring for these positions are Facebook, Google, Twitter offering huge salaries.
Scala stands for scalable language. It is a high-level programming language that incorporates functional programming and objects oriented programming into a powerful language. Scala makes Java more functional by offering advanced features such as optimization of code complexity, functional programming, string comparison advancement, pattern matching, and a lot more including the full Java interoperability.
Scala consists of diverse libraries, tools, and frameworks. Some of the popular frameworks include Play, Akka, and Apache Spark. Scala language is versatile allowing it to be used in software development, web applications, mobile solutions, and with game development being its highlight. Scala is already a success given the fact that big companies like Apple, LinkedIn, Twitter, and The Guardian use it in their code base.
Kotlin Is the Google programing language used for building Android apps. It has become one of the most popular programming languages among the developers. It is a statically typed program language that runs on the JVM. Popular frameworks that use Kotlin are Ktor, Spring, and Vertex. It is powered up with features like interoperability with Java, android studio support, functional programming support and many others that allow you to write less code with fewer bugs.
According to GitHub the number of contributors using Kotlin to build projects has more than doubled in the past year making it most fasted growing language. It is being considered the one-stop language for application development. There are many companies that are using Kotlin and some big companies are Pinterest, Basecamp, Square, Uber, etc.
The important thing is every language here is important. The list is based on the repositories and the craze you have in the market for these mobile & web programming languages, but every language is useful and has huge potential in its own domain. If you are working on any of these languages your work is safe. The only thing you need to do while working with these languages is, keep updating yourself. There are certain frameworks in the language, learn them as well. It is powerful. And there is no harm in checking on some other languages. But it is better if you stick to one technology for a certain time and then learn another.