PHP and Python are two of the most popular choices when it comes to Backend Web Development. Whether to choose PHP or Python Web Development, is always a tough choice to make for Businesses and Web Developers. A huge number of websites are developed using PHP, however, Python is showing an upward trend from a number of years now. If you are one of those developers who is more inclined towards Python as compared to PHP then we have tried to clear any doubts regarding Python and to save you time and effort by explaining the benefits of using Python.
According to the website called Datanyze, the total number of websites developed in one month on PHP far exceeds those developed in Python. However PHP’s reign is over, it used to rule the Web development industry but now it is experiencing a downward trend and there is a massive number of developers each month who drop PHP as their platform of choice. This is because Python has proved itself to be a better option.
Some of the biggest names like Instagram, YouTube, Facebook, Quora, Pinterest, Google, Reddit, Spotify, have made the shift to Python and now it is being regarded as developers new favorite choice. Both of these languages got their unique features and advantages and disadvantages. But due to Better design, robustness, and readability of Python, an increasing number of developers are switching to python from PHP. However only the growth rate cannot be a reason to choose one language over the other and so we have decided to compare these two languages, so you could make a better selection.
You will find Python to be much easier to write code than PHP. PHP doesn’t seem to be a well thought out language but Python got the Architecture that makes it a Well-designed, Robust and Well-thought out Language. PHP is a good language in its own regard but Python is more elegant. A developer with a good amount of experience in developing software can work with PHP to create some nice scripts but in order to be more of an expert with PHP a lot more knowledge of this language is required. This is where Python really shines because it is designed to be easy to grasp and use.
Easy to Learn:
On the face of it, both these languages are easy to work with, both are well documented and also have IDEs for Windows, MacOS, and Linux. But as a professional developer, you need to look at the long term prospects. Obviously, you would like to work with a language with which you can form a rich and long-term relationship. The usage of PHP is much more sophisticated, stand-alone and not very versatile. Python’s usage, on the other hand, is much simpler and hence more popular.
There is a conception that developers like to have choices, practically they like to have standards. If everything else is similar then developers prefer that everyone works with the same frameworks and libraries. Python provides this architecture with Django, Pylon, Pyramid, and Flask. Django is the De-Facto Web development framework in Python. The Alternatives for these in PHP are Kohana, CodeIgniter, Symfony, and Zend. Django here is the clear winner because it is very easy to use and fast as well. The security features are also Robust. Developers who are new, prefer to use Django because of its easier setup and shorter development times.
Readability is great:
PHP is based on extensive documentation and on a classic approach. Python, on the other hand, features indentation Enforcements that are rather strict. So without a doubt, Python is not just much more readable than PHP but also much more readable than a number of other languages as well.
The Syntax is simpler in Python:
The Syntax used by Python is much simpler. Coding in Python is easier to write and understand. It is easier to get a hold of because it does not use curly braces like other Programming Languages. When you write code in Python, it looks so beautiful that you want to share it with others, this is not the case with codes written in PHP Development framework.
Availability of Debugging Tools:
Python has a huge developer’s ecosystem and Debugging tools for this programming language are easily available. Using these tools is not hard. Developers are also provided with Python Debugger or (PDB), which is easy to use but a powerful Debugger. It is so well documented that even beginners can use it
Package Management acts as the binding force between different Projects. You can Write, Build and Share packages in such a way that other developers can benefit from your work and use these in their projects and applications. Package Management is there in PHP as well but there aren’t any Code Bases that use it to the extent that PIP does. PIP is a tool that is used for the installation and management of Python Packages. It enables the developers to Install, Uninstall, Upgrade and to use a range of resources for internal and external libraries. PHP, on the other hand, offers a Debugging package called XDebug. The only thing that gives python the win here is that it requires fewer Debugging tools than PHP.
Python development is now perceived as a better Language than PHP in terms of Modernity, Versatility, elegance and simplicity, and the ease of use. Python is being used in a huge number of situations like Scripting, Development, and Scientific Applications and so on. That is why a huge community of Developers and users have developed around it. This helps developers by providing support in case of problems and errors and a platform to share tips and tricks with others. This community is expected to even become larger with time. PHP also has a Community of its own but it feels smaller when compared to Python.
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